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The October Revolution is never-ending

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The new prime minister of Kyrgyzstan, Sadyr Japarov, who was confirmed in office at an extraordinary session of parliament, called the events in the country a “third revolution” and announced a program of reforms designed to end the unrest. Having promised to prevent the persecution of his opponents, Sadyr Japarov expects to concentrate all power in his hands in the coming days: this will happen in the event of the resignation of President Sooronbai Jeenbekov, whom the new head of government calls inevitable. Meanwhile, President Jeenbekov himself does not confirm the possibility of his departure. Against this background, opponents of Sadyr Japarov on Sunday launched a counteroffensive, calling his election illegitimate.
The situation in Bishkek, which continues to live under a curfew in connection with the unrest of the last days, remains extremely tense and unstable despite the outward calm. The street riots were replaced by the arrests of politicians and officials and the behind-the-scenes struggle of power groups, going on with varying success and not allowing any center of power to achieve a final victory.
On Sunday morning, the companions-in-arms of Sadyr Japarov, who was elected on Saturday as the new prime minister, who had previously arrived in the capital from different regions and in a matter of days managed to achieve his release from prison and return to big politics, began to be taken out of Bishkek by bus in an organized manner.
Their places on the square near the White House and other state institutions were taken by military units that entered Bishkek after the signing of a decree by President Sooronbai Jeenbekov on the imposition of a state of emergency in the capital and a curfew from 21:00 to 5:00.
The soldiers were brought from the military units stationed near the capital. The elite military brigade “Scorpion”, stationed near the city of Tokmak, also entered Bishkek.
Another step designed to stabilize the situation and prevent new unrest was the appointment of Ulan Niyazbekov, who is loyal to the new Prime Minister, as acting Minister of Internal Affairs, who replaced the former Interior Minister Kashkar Dzhunushaliev. In addition to Mr. Dzhunushaliev, Deputy Prime Minister Erik Asrandiev, who also wrote a letter of resignation, refused to work with the new prime minister.
The news of Prime Minister Sadyr Japarov’s approval at an extraordinary parliamentary meeting on Saturday was greeted by demonstrators in the central square of Bishkek with cheers and dancing and dancing until Sunday morning, despite the curfew.
At a certain stage, the political initiative actually passed to the new head of government. Despite the fact that he occupies only the third line in the hierarchy of the Kyrgyz government, it was Sadyr Japarov, and not President Jeenbekov, who tried to determine the political agenda after his release from prison on the wave of mass protests that disagreed with the results of the parliamentary elections on October 4.
“The reason was unfair elections,” Sadyr Japarov said during an extraordinary session of parliament, who called what was happening in Kyrgyzstan “the third revolution”. In 2005 and 2010, an unconstitutional change of power also took place in the republic, which led to the overthrow of first President Askar Akayev and then his successor Kurmanbek Bakiyev.
Both of them then left the country: Mr. Akayev moved to Russia, and Mr. Bakiev – to Belarus.
According to Sadyr Japarov, the current head of state, Sooronbai Jeenbekov, who made the decision to impose a curfew and called on all political forces in the country to return to the constitutional field as soon as possible, is in Bishkek. “During negotiations with Jeenbekov, he said that after the parliament approves the new prime minister, he will sign a letter of resignation within two to three days,” Sadyr Japarov said on Saturday, announcing his readiness to “take full responsibility for the work of the government. ”
According to the country’s constitution, after the premature departure of the head of state, the speaker of the parliament should take his place, but if he cannot do this, then the powers of the president will pass to the prime minister. Let us remind that on Saturday the speaker of the parliament Myktybek Abdyldaev announced his resignation. However, President Jeenbekov himself has not yet confirmed, nor, incidentally, denied the possibility of his early resignation.
Sadyr Japarov’s statement that during the third revolution his political opponents may not fear persecution was also noteworthy. “There will be no revenge,” he promised, addressing the deputies. At the extraordinary session of the parliament, which approved him in office, 51 deputies were present, another 10 people’s deputies sent written powers of attorney for voting, which made it possible to collect a quorum.
Despite the promise not to touch political opponents, immediately after Sadyr Japarov was elected prime minister, the military arrested ex-president Almazbek Atambayev at his residence in the village of Koy-Tash.
In addition, the republic’s Prosecutor General’s Office called on other politicians released from prisons by protesters together with Sadyr Japarov to return to their cells voluntarily.
“The General Prosecutor’s Office requires all persons who illegally left places of detention and serving sentences on the night of October 5-6, 2020, to appear at the administration of bodies and institutions executing punishment and compulsory measures of criminal law. In case of non-fulfillment of requirements on the part of law enforcement agencies, tough measures will be taken as stipulated by the law, ”the Kyrgyz Prosecutor General’s Office said in a statement.
Recall that Kyrgyz law enforcement agencies are considering and investigating criminal cases against a number of key figures in Kyrgyz politics, including ex-President Almazbek Atambayev, former Prime Minister Sapar Isakov, former Mayor of Bishkek Albek Ibraimov, and former head of the presidential administration Farid Niyazov.
Some of them managed to leave their places of detention on the night of the riots from 5 to 6 October.
On Sunday night, Interior Ministry officers detained ex-head of the presidential administration Farid Niyazov, as well as associates of ex-president Atambayev Temirlan Sultanbekov, Ravshan Dzheenbekov and several other elite prisoners.
On Saturday, it also became known about the detention of the former Deputy Interior Minister Kursan Asanov, who, after the start of the riots in recent days, declared himself Acting Interior Minister and Commandant of Bishkek.
“The situation is very fragile. The CEC must announce a new date for parliamentary elections by November 6. Political elites must publicly and openly agree on the rules of the game that will be accepted by the population. Undercover intrigues and behind-the-scenes agreements will lead to even larger protests, “Cholpon Dzhakupova, director of the Adilet (Justice) legal clinic, told Kommersant.
The newly elected Prime Minister Japarov does not intend to radically change the composition of the government and confirms Bishkek’s readiness to fulfill its domestic and international obligations. In particular, he has already announced his readiness to promote a course for further integration with Russia and the EAEU countries and said that he is not going to nationalize the large gold deposits Kumtor and Jerui, which are being developed by Canadian and Russian companies.
Meanwhile, a new intrigue is the question of whether Sadyr Japarov will be able to stay in his chair and prove the validity of his ambitions to become a national leader.
The situation escalated again after Vice Speaker of the Parliament Aida Kasymalieva on Sunday called his approval of the post illegitimate.
“The meeting of deputies held on October 10 cannot be officially recognized as a sitting of the parliament due to the absence of the number of participating deputies required by the constitution and the conditions for holding it. Accordingly, all the allegedly adopted decisions are legally illegal and illegitimate, ”said Ms. Kasymaliyeva. “His election was not confirmed by the official documents of the parliament, and accordingly was not sent for approval by the decree of the President of Kyrgyzstan Sooronbai Jeenbekov. All decisions made by Zhaparov as prime minister have no legal force, ”the vice speaker of the parliament is sure.
According to informed sources of Kommersant in Bishkek, this statement was not spontaneous. It was coordinated with other political forces, who did not want to see Mr. Japarov as the new leader and were determined to get him out: as quick and unexpected as his sudden return from prison to the chair of the head of government.
Sergey Strokan, Kabay Karabekov, Bishkek

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